In 2022, the market price of nitrile rubber will decline significantly. As of December 31, the price of nitrile rubber will be 15100 yuan/ton, down 37.34% from 24100 yuan/ton at the beginning of the year. Specifically, the market trend of nitrile rubber in 2022 mainly presents three stages: first, the price of raw butadiene rises sharply from the beginning of the year to the end of April, but in the later period, COVID-19 disperses in many places, and it is difficult to improve the control of downstream construction. Under the comprehensive influence, nitrile rubber fluctuates in a narrow range, with the low point of 23700 yuan/ton in the cycle, the high point of 24550 yuan/ton, and the amplitude of 3.59%. 2、 Under the impact of new capacity and weak demand, it began to decline sharply in May, from 24550 yuan/ton to 15762 yuan/ton on August 11, a decline of 35.79%. 3、 After the impact of new production capacity in the third and fourth quarters, nitrile rubber was close to the new balance point of supply and demand. In addition, the demand did not improve significantly. From the middle to late August to December 21, the nitrile rubber market showed a slight fluctuation at the bottom of the stage. The low point in the cycle was 15000 yuan/ton, the high point was 17000 yuan/ton, and the amplitude was 13.33%.
Supply side: The pressure on the supply side of nitrile rubber will increase in 2022, which will drag down the price of nitrile rubber. According to the business community, Lanzhou Petrochemical will add 35000 t/a capacity on the basis of the original 65000 t/a capacity in 2022. In the middle of May 2022, qualified products will be produced after the new plant is formally put into production. Later, as the products with new capacity are put on the market, they will have an impact on the domestic nitrile rubber market. In addition, in the middle and high temperature of the year, the downstream construction of power rationing will be low, and the price of nitrile rubber will go down all the way.
Demand side: The global economy will slow down in 2022, the overall demand for nitrile rubber will be weak, and the support for nitrile rubber will be weak, which will drag down the price of nitrile rubber. According to the statistics of China Rubber Association, from January to October 2022, the inventory of most professional finished products showed a growth trend, including tire growth of 13.73%, bicycle tire growth of 9.05%, rubber hose and tape growth of 10.99%, rubber products growth of 10.59%, and rubber shoes growth of 26.29%.
On the cost side: In 2022, the raw material butadiene market will first rise sharply and then fall in shock, and the price will generally rise in the whole year; Raw material acrylonitrile market fluctuated and fell. It can be seen from the price trend comparison chart of the business community that the consistency of 2022 raw materials and nitrile rubber market trend is relatively low, and the cost has no obvious impact on nitrile rubber market.
Future market forecast:
Butadiene analysts from the business community believe that there will still be pressure on the supply side of nitrile rubber in 2023. On the one hand, after the completion of the new Langshengtai Rubber Plant, the production capacity of nitrile rubber will increase from 30000 tons to 40000 tons. In addition, Jinpuyingsa still has a production capacity of 30000 tons, which will depend on the market situation.
Demand side: It is understood that the International Monetary Fund (IMF) believes that the global economic growth will slow to 2.7% in 2023. It is estimated that about one-third of the world’s economies will shrink in 2023. It is estimated that the global demand for nitrile rubber will still face pressure in 2023.
In general, the market of nitrile rubber will hardly improve in 2023. Affected by the light and busy seasons, the price will rise in the first half of the year and fall again in the second half of the year. The price will fluctuate between 14000 yuan/ton and 20000 yuan/ton.